Fruit fracture biomechanics and the release of Lepidium didymum pericarp-imposed mechanical dormancy by fungi

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Titel: Fruit fracture biomechanics and the release of Lepidium didymum pericarp-imposed mechanical dormancy by fungi
Autor(en): Sperber, Katja
Steinbrecher, Tina
Scherer, Gwydion
Clausing, Simon
Wiegand, Nils
Hourston, Jame
Kurre, Rainer
Leubner-Metzger, Gerhard
Mummenhoff, Klaus
ORCID des Autors: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9246-5726
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4121-0026
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3282-6029
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4183-8673
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6045-8713
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8449-1593
Zusammenfassung: The biomechanical and ecophysiological properties of plant seed/fruit structures are fundamental to survival in distinct environments. Dispersal of fruits with hard pericarps (fruit coats) encasing seeds has evolved many times independently within taxa that have seed dispersal as their default strategy. The mechanisms by which the constraint of a hard pericarp determines germination timing in response to the environment are currently unknown. Here, we show that the hard pericarp of Lepidium didymum controls germination solely by a biomechanical mechanism. Mechanical dormancy is conferred by preventing full phase-II water uptake of the encased non-dormant seed. The lignified endocarp has biomechanically and morphologically distinct regions that serve as predetermined breaking zones. This pericarpimposed mechanical dormancy is released by the activity of common fungi, which weaken these zones by degrading non-lignified pericarp cells. We propose that the hard pericarp with this biomechanical mechanism contributed to the global distribution of this species in distinct environments.
Bibliografische Angaben: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS 8: 1868
URL: https://repositorium.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/urn:nbn:de:gbv:700-201907161724
Schlagworte: Mechanical dormancy
Erscheinungsdatum: 30-Nov-2017
Lizenzbezeichnung: Attribution 4.0 International
URL der Lizenz: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Publikationstyp: Einzelbeitrag in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift [article]
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:FB05 - Hochschulschriften

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Nature_Communications_8_1868_2017_Sperber.pdf4,25 MBAdobe PDF
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Nature_Communications_8_1868_2017_Sperber_Supplementary_Information.pdf3,41 MBAdobe PDF
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Diese Ressource wurde unter folgender Copyright-Bestimmung veröffentlicht: Lizenz von Creative Commons Creative Commons