Electronic structure and magnetism of selected materials

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Title: Electronic structure and magnetism of selected materials
Authors: Chiuzbaian, Gheorghe Sorin
Thesis advisor: Apl. Prof. Dr. M. Neumann
Thesis referee: Prof. Dr. G. Borstel
Abstract: The details of the interplay between the electronic structure and the magnetic properties of matter represent a state of the art challenge. In the present work spectroscopic investigations on the electronic structure of some interesting materials are presented. The achieved information has been used in order to answer specific questions related to the magnetic behavior of the investigated materials. For the transition metal dicyanamide compounds it is shown that the electronic states arising from carbon and nitrogen remain roughly unchanged for all compositions. A model for the magnetic superexchange interaction was proposed. In this model the geometry of the crystallographic structure accounts for a particular interaction pattern while the occupancy of the 3d transition metal band is the factor which triggers the changeover from antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic interaction. In the case of six-membered ferric-wheel molecules the comparison between experimental and theoretical data issued estimations for the magnitude of magnetic exchange interactions. The information on the electronic structure of the LaNi5-xMex (Me=Cu, Al) allowed a better understanding of their magnetic behavior. The changes induced in the electronic structure of the parent compound by partial substitutions of nickel by copper or aluminum are discussed.
URL: https://repositorium.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/urn:nbn:de:gbv:700-2003073016
Subject Keywords: electronic structure; XPS; XES; metal-organic compounds; intermetallic compounds
Issue Date: 30-Jul-2003
Type of publication: Dissertation oder Habilitation [doctoralThesis]
Appears in Collections:FB04 - E-Dissertationen

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