Systematic Approach for Remote Sensing of Historical Conflict Landscapes with UAV-Based Laserscanning

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Title: Systematic Approach for Remote Sensing of Historical Conflict Landscapes with UAV-Based Laserscanning
Authors: Storch, Marcel
Jarmer, Thomas
Adam, Mirjam
de Lange, Norbert
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Abstract: In order to locate historical traces, drone-based Laserscanning has become increasingly popular in archaeological prospection and historical conflict landscapes research. The low resolution of aircraft-based Laserscanning is not suitable for small-scale detailed analysis so that high-resolution UAV-based LiDAR data are required. However, many of the existing studies lack a systematic approach to UAV-LiDAR data acquisition and point cloud filtering. We use this methodology to detect anthropogenic terrain anomalies. In this study, we systematically investigated different influencing factors on UAV-LiDAR data acquisition. The flight parameters speed and altitude above ground were systematically varied. In addition, different vegetation cover and seasonal acquisition times were compared, and we evaluated three different types of filter algorithms to separate ground from non-ground. It could be seen from our experiments that for the detection of subsurface anomalies in treeless open terrain, higher flight speeds like 6 m/s were feasible. Regarding the flight altitude, we recommend an altitude of 50–75 m above ground. At higher flight altitudes of 100–120 m above ground, there is the risk that terrain characteristics smaller than 50 cm will be missed. Areas covered with deciduous forest should only be surveyed during leaf-off season. In the presence of low-level vegetation (small bushes and shrubs with a height of up to 2 m), it turned out that the morphological filter was the most suitable. In tree-covered areas with total absence of near ground vegetation, however, the choice of filter algorithm plays only a subordinate role, especially during winter where the resulting ground point densities have a percentage deviation of less than 6% from each other.
Citations: Storch M, Jarmer T, Adam M, de Lange N. Systematic Approach for Remote Sensing of Historical Conflict Landscapes with UAV-Based Laserscanning. Sensors. 2022; 22(1):217.
Subject Keywords: UAV; LiDAR; historical conflict landscapes; terrain anomalies; flight parameters; influencing factors; filter algorithms; ground monuments; heritage sites
Issue Date: 29-Dec-2021
License name: Attribution 4.0 International
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Type of publication: Einzelbeitrag in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift [Article]
Appears in Collections:FB06 - Hochschulschriften

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