Context-aware anchoring, semantic mapping and active perception for mobile robots

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Titel: Context-aware anchoring, semantic mapping and active perception for mobile robots
Autor(en): Günther, Martin
ORCID des Autors:
Erstgutachter: Prof. Dr. Joachim Hertzberg
Zweitgutachter: Prof. Dr. Alessandro Saffiotti
Zusammenfassung: An autonomous robot that acts in a goal-directed fashion requires a world model of the elements that are relevant to the robot's task. In real-world, dynamic environments, the world model has to be created and continually updated from uncertain sensor data. The symbols used in plan-based robot control have to be anchored to detected objects. Furthermore, robot perception is not only a bottom-up and passive process: Knowledge about the composition of compound objects can be used to recognize larger-scale structures from their parts. Knowledge about the spatial context of an object and about common relations to other objects can be exploited to improve the quality of the world model and can inform an active search for objects that are missing from the world model. This thesis makes several contributions to address these challenges: First, a model-based semantic mapping system is presented that recognizes larger-scale structures like furniture based on semantic descriptions in an ontology. Second, a context-aware anchoring process is presented that creates and maintains the links between object symbols and the sensor data corresponding to those objects while exploiting the geometric context of objects. Third, an active perception system is presented that actively searches for a required object while being guided by the robot's knowledge about the environment.
Schlagworte: Anchoring; Semantic Mapping; Active Perception; Robotics; Artificial Intelligence; Robotik; Künstliche Intelligenz; Context; Object Search
Erscheinungsdatum: 30-Nov-2021
Lizenzbezeichnung: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Germany
URL der Lizenz:
Publikationstyp: Dissertation oder Habilitation [doctoralThesis]
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:FB06 - E-Dissertationen

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