Negotiating Forced Migration in the IRO’s ‘Care and Maintenance’ (CM/1) Files

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Title: Negotiating Forced Migration in the IRO’s ‘Care and Maintenance’ (CM/1) Files
Other Titles: One Setting, Three Underlying Aims, (at Least) Four Actors, and Multiple Forms of Human Agency
Authors: Huhn, Sebastian
Contributions by: Institut für Migrationsforschung und Interkulturelle Studien
Abstract: Between 1946 and 1951, roughly one million European refugees and Displaced Persons (DPs) – mainly survivors of the National Socialist (NS) terror and Eastern Europeans who feared persecution in or by the Soviet Union – were resettled all over the world as part of the work of the International Refugee Organization (IRO). To investigate appeals for assistance and resettlement, the IRO designed a questionnaire, the CM/1 form. These questionnaires have been available for research in the holdings of the Arolsen Archives since 2007. This study explores to what extent and under what conditions the negotiation of forced migration can be analytically detailed in these CM/1 forms and related documents. This study argues that the CM/1 files are a unique historical source for exploring the negotiation of forced migration after the Second World War and the agency of the actors involved. It must be kept in mind however, that the IRO project was based on at least three overlapping aims, several actors were involved in the negotiations of the resettlement and the setting of the negotiations was based on peculiarities that have to be approached on a theoretical basis.
Citations: Huhn, Sebastian (2021): Negotiating Forced Migration in the IRO’s ‘Care and Maintenance’ (CM/1) Files. One Setting, Three Underlying Aims, (at Least) Four Actors, and Multiple Forms of Human Agency. IMIS Working Paper 12, Institut für Migrationsforschung und Interkulturelle Studien (IMIS) der Universität Osnabrück. Osnabrück: IMIS.
URL: https://repositorium.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/urn:nbn:de:gbv:700-202110215506
Subject Keywords: Forced Migration; CM/1 Files; 'Care and Maintenance'; Negotiating Forced Migration; IRO; Human Agency; Displacement; Zwangsmigration; CM/1 Akten; Internationale Flüchtlingsorganisation
Issue Date: 21-Oct-2021
License name: Attribution 3.0 Germany
License url: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/de/
Type of publication: Arbeitspapier [workingPaper]
Appears in Collections:IMIS Working Papers

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