Capillary stamping for bioanalytics and spatial manipulation of protein-protein interactions in live cells

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Title: Capillary stamping for bioanalytics and spatial manipulation of protein-protein interactions in live cells
Authors: Philippi, Michael
Thesis advisor: Prof. Dr. Martin Steinhart
Thesis referee: Prof. Dr. Jacob Piehler
Abstract: Capillary stamping is a versatile patterning platform to create micron/sub-micron features on surfaces. When used in combination with mesoporous silica stamps, dot arrays with length scale characteristics matching those of various biomolecular organizations on living cells can be printed. Therefore, different types of ink with functional molecules were printed onto a glass surface and assessed toward their capability to enable an analysis of cellular interactions. Among the evaluated patterned surfaces were dot arrays generated with heterocyclic silanes, which react in a ring-opening reaction upon contact with hydroxyl-terminated surfaces and allow post-modifications of the stamped dot array. Similarly, functionalized proteins were stamped from an aqueous solution, analyzed in regards to specific geometric descriptors and overall contrast between dot and background. After the establishment of a robust patterning system, the stamped substrates were used to spatially manipulate protein-protein interactions in live cells. With the introduction of optogenetics, namely the photoactivatable iLID-system into HeLa cells, protein recruitment from the cytosol to the membrane-bound domains upon irradiation with light was investigated. The technique was also utilized to explore the determinants of Wnt signalosome formation. Wnt co-receptor Lrp6 expressed at the surface of living cells was successfully assembled into nanodot arrays. Strikingly, the co-receptor Fzd8 and the cytosolic scaffold proteins Axin1 and Disheveled2 were spontaneously recruited into the nanodot array to form spatially defined signalosomes in the absence of ligand pointing toward Liquid-Liquid Phase Separation driven signalosome assembly. Immunofluorescence staining confirmed ligand-independent Wnt/β-catenin signaling activated the nanodot arrays.
Subject Keywords: Contact Lithography; Protein-Protein Interactions
Issue Date: 27-Sep-2021
License name: Attribution 3.0 Germany
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Type of publication: Dissertation oder Habilitation [doctoralThesis]
Appears in Collections:FB05 - E-Dissertationen

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