Post-stroke depression and functional impairments – A 3-year prospective study

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Title: Post-stroke depression and functional impairments – A 3-year prospective study
Authors: Schöttke, Henning
Gerke, Leonie
Düsing, Rainer
Möllmann, Anne
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Abstract: Background: Post-Stroke Depression (PSD) is a severe condition, affecting about 30% of stroke survivors within a five-year period after stroke. Post-stroke functional impairments (FI) and social support are associated with PSD. It is inconclusive, whether one of the factors, post-stroke FI and PSD, shows a stronger predictive value on the respective other over time. The aims of the present study were to 1) investigate the relationship between PSD, FI, and social support of stroke patients in a 3-year prospective design, and 2) address methodological shortcomings of previous studies. Methods: We investigated 174 stroke survivors and assessed PSD with a structured clinical interview and a dimensional symptom rating scale. We conducted regression analyses and applied the approach of multiple imputations (MI) for missing data due to dropout during follow-up. Results: PSD prevalence was 32.2% in the acute phase after stroke. Individuals with a PSD in this phase revealed a fivefold higher risk for PSD 3 years later. FI in the acute phase did not additionally contribute to the prediction of PSD at follow-up. Compared to individuals without PSD in the acute phase, individuals with PSD had an increased risk for FI at follow-up. Limitations regarding sample characteristics, design, and dropout are discussed. Conclusions: Results indicate that PSD rather than FI represents a crucial risk factor for negative long-term consequences regarding physical and psychological health after stroke. Post-stroke treatment might be optimized by a routine assessment of PSD and FI after stroke and considering the results for personalized treatment options.
Citations: Schöttke H, Gerke L, Düsing R, Möllmann A. Post-stroke depression and functional impairments - A 3-year prospective study. Compr Psychiatry. 2020 May;99:152171.
Subject Keywords: Post-stroke depression; Functional impairments; Social support; Stroke; Prospective design
Issue Date: 9-Mar-2021
License name: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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Type of publication: Einzelbeitrag in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift [article]
Appears in Collections:FB08 - Hochschulschriften

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