Inferring the phylogeny of problematic metazoan taxa using mitogenomic and phylogenomic data

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Titel: Inferring the phylogeny of problematic metazoan taxa using mitogenomic and phylogenomic data
Autor(en): Golombek, Anja
ORCID des Autors:
Erstgutachter: apl. Prof. Dr. Günter Purschke
Zweitgutachter: Prof. Dr. Torsten Hugo Struck
Zusammenfassung: The evolutionary origin and the phylogeny of higher metazoan taxa is still under debate although considerable progress has been made in the past 20 years. Metazoa represents a monophyletic group of highly diverse animals including Bilateria, Cnidaria, Porifera, Ctenophores, and Placozoa. Bilateria comprises the majority of metazoans and consists of three major clades: Deuterostomia, Spiralia (= Lophotrochozoa sensu lato), and Ecdysozoa, whereas the sister group taxa Spiralia and Ecdyzozoa form the monophyletic clade Protostomia. Molecular data have profoundly changed the view of the bilaterian tree of life. One of the main questions concerning bilaterian phylogeny is the on-going debate about the evolution of complexity in Bilateria. It was assumed that the last common ancestor of Deuterostomia, Ecdysozoa and Spiralia had a segmented and coelomate body organization resembling that of an annelid. On the contrary, the traditional view is the evolution of Bilateria from a simple body organization towards more complex forms, assuming that the last common ancestor of Bilateria resembles a platyhelminth-like animal without coelomic cavities and segmentation. To resolve this question, it is necessary to unravel the phylogenetic relationships within Bilateria. By using mitogenomic and phylogenomic data, this thesis had a major contribution to clarify phylogenetic relationships within problematic metazoan taxa: (1) the phylogeny of Deuterostomia, (2) the questionable monophyly of Platyzoa, and first assumptions concerning the phylogeny of Gnathostomulida, Gastrotricha and Polycladida, (3) phylogenetic relationships within annelid taxa, especially Terebelliformia, Diurodrilidae, and Syllidae, with new insights into the evolution of mitochondrial gene order, and (4) new insights into the evolution of annelids, especially the interstitial ones, as well as the colonization of the interstitial realm.
Schlagworte: Annelida; Archiannelida; Deuterostomia; Diurodrilidae; Errantia; Gastrotricha; Gene order; Gnathifera; Gnathostomulida; Interstitium; Lophotrochozoa; Metazoa; Miniaturization; Mitochondrial genome; mitogenomic; Next Generation Sequencing; nuclear rDNA; Paraphyly; phylogenomic; Phylogeny; Platyhelminthes; Platyzoa; Progenesis; Protostomia; Sedentaria; Spiralia; Syllidae; Terebelliformia; Transcriptome; transcriptomic
Erscheinungsdatum: 23-Mai-2019
Lizenzbezeichnung: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Germany
URL der Lizenz:
Publikationstyp: Dissertation oder Habilitation [doctoralThesis]
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:FB05 - E-Dissertationen

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