Interdisciplinary and multiprofessional outpatient secondary individual prevention of work-related skin diseases in the metalworking industry: 1-year follow-up of a patient cohort

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Titel: Interdisciplinary and multiprofessional outpatient secondary individual prevention of work-related skin diseases in the metalworking industry: 1-year follow-up of a patient cohort
Autor(en): Wilke, Annika
Gediga, Günther
Goergens, Andreas
Hansen, Andreas
Hübner, Anja
John, Swen Malte
Nordheider, Kathrin
Rocholl, Marc
Weddeling, Sabine
Wulfhorst, Britta
Nashan, Dorothée
ORCID des Autors:
Zusammenfassung: Background: In Germany, work-related skin diseases are predominant within the spectrum of reported occupational diseases. Metal workers are among the high-risk professions. Offering effective prevention programs to affected patients is of utmost importance to avoid deterioration of the disease and job loss. We conducted a 1-year follow-up in patients who participated in a multidisciplinary, complex outpatient prevention program representing a standard procedure of patient care by the respective statutory accident insurance. Methods: The multi-component prevention program consists of multiprofessional individual patient counseling, a structured skin protection seminar in a group, as well as workplace visits and on-site counseling in terms of appropriate skin protection (e.g. gloves). An observational study with a 1-year follow-up and four measurements (T1-T4, longitudinal pre/post-test design) including dermatological examinations and standardized written questionnaires was conducted between 2013 and 2016 to assess changes over time regarding job loss and disease severity. Results: Data from 94 patients (87 male, mean age: 45.4 years) were included in the analysis. One year after the skin protection seminar (T4), 83 patients (88.3%) remained in their original professional metalworking activity and four patients (4.3%) had given up their profession because of their skin disease. At baseline (T1), irritant contact dermatitis of the hands was the most frequent diagnosis (80.7%). Methods for self-reported disease severity showed good correlation with the clinical gold standard at T1 and T2 (dermatological examination with the Osnabrück Hand Eczema Severity Index / OHSI), and a significant decrease of the self-reported disease severity was found over time from T1 to T4 (p < 0.001). Further results indicate an improved self-perceived disease control and an overall satisfaction with the prevention program. Conclusions: The results of this observational study demonstrate that the comprehensive prevention program positively influences the course of work-related skin diseases, increases the possibility to continue working in a “high-risk” profession and improves the disease management of metal workers. In the long term, the prevention program may lead to cost savings by preventing high therapy costs or professional retraining.
Bibliografische Angaben: BMC Dermatology (2018) 18: 12, S. 1-16
Schlagworte: Occupational contact dermatitis; Hand eczema; Prevention; Metalworking industry; Patient education; Occupational health; Skin protection; Patient care; Follow-up; Interdisciplinary
Erscheinungsdatum: 12-Dez-2018
Lizenzbezeichnung: Attribution 4.0 International
URL der Lizenz:
Publikationstyp: Einzelbeitrag in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift [article]
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:FB08 - Hochschulschriften

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