Post Grafting of Mesoporous TiO2 Electrodes: Host Guest Interactions and Pore Size Tuning

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Titel: Post Grafting of Mesoporous TiO2 Electrodes: Host Guest Interactions and Pore Size Tuning
Autor(en): Taffa, Dereje Hailu
Erstgutachter: Prof. Dr. Lorenz Walder
Zweitgutachter: Prof. Dr. Michael Wark
Zusammenfassung: Nano-structured materials are widely applied for various applications like photovoltaics, electrochromics and sensors. A challenging task in all these fields is the functionalization of these materials with a molecule of interest for the desired application. This work demonstrate the post grafting of the most important and commonly used nano-structured material, mesoporous TiO2, with different bifunctional molecular linkers. These compounds basically have two functional groups, the phosphonic acid group which coordinates to the TiO2 surface and a positive and negative head group which controls the surface charge and the potential interaction of the surface with species in solution. These two groups are systematically separated by alkyl group of different chain length which controls the hydrophobicity of the surface. It is shown that the new surface modification technique simplifies the molecular requirements for functional surface modifiers considerably. Using a limited set of organic anchors with adjustable head group charge and hydrophobicity, broad range of molecules can be adsorbed onto TiO2. Different applications based on such modified surfaces were explored and demonstrated. The modified surfaces can be used to incorporate different charged guest molecules, electrochromophores and dyes which enable to probe their electrochemistry and photovoltaic properties on the surface. Supra-molecular self assembly inside the modified pores is possible which can be monitored by different methods. The study includes the prepartaion of the modified surfaces and their characterization using different electrochemical methods, FTIR spectroscopy, Quartz Crystal Microbalance, Contact angle and Scanning Electron Microscopy measurements.
Schlagworte: Mesoporous TiO2, Phosphonic acids, Electrochemistry, Hybride materials, DSSCs
Erscheinungsdatum: 5-Okt-2010
Publikationstyp: Dissertation oder Habilitation [doctoralThesis]
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:FB05 - E-Dissertationen

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