Epitaktisches Wachstum und Charakterisierung ultradünner Eisenoxidschichten auf Magnesiumoxid(001)

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Title: Epitaktisches Wachstum und Charakterisierung ultradünner Eisenoxidschichten auf Magnesiumoxid(001)
Authors: Zimmermann, Bernd Josef
Thesis advisor: Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Joachim Wollschläger
Thesis referee: Prof. Prof. h.c. Dr. Dr. h.c. Manfred Neumann
Abstract: Since many years, the importance of thin layers increases for lots of technical uses. Beginning in the field of microelectronics, the use of thin layers spread increasingly to other areas. Coatings for surface refining and optimisation of the mechanical properties for material engineering, customisation of the surface chemistry in catalysts, as well influencing of the transmission and reflection characteristics of surfaces in optics are only some examples of the high scientific and economic weight of the thin layer technology. Thin magnetic layers are the basis of many known storage media ranging from the tape recorder to the hard disk up to the credit card. Nowadays, these thin layers again gain interest in the research field of nanoelectronics as ultrathin layers. So-called spinvalve-read/write heads being already installed in actual hard disks use the Tunnel Magneto Resistance effect for a significant rise in memory density synonymous capacity. Such read/writeheads consist of a magnetic layersystem. This use of the magnetic as well as the electric characteristics of the electrons is called spintronics. The iron oxide magnetite exhibits a high iron portion, is strong antiferrimagnetic and has a high Curie-temperature. Since many years, it is used as a magnetic pigment on already mentioned magnetic tapes. Literature [1, 2, 3, 4] considers ultrathin epitaxial layers of magnetite on magnesium oxide for uses in the spintronics as a most promising candidate, because it inheres a complete spin polarisation at Fermi-level. Moreover, thin magnetite layers serve in the chemical industry as a catalyst in the Haber- Bosch-procedure and to the dehydration of ethylbenzene to styrene. Being already used and considered to be of ongoing interest, ultrathin magnetite layers offer a wide range of technological applications in many modern industrial and scientific fields. Because there is, nevertheless, a variety of other iron oxide (cf. chapter 4), it is a matter to determine the special growth conditions of magnetite. These ultrathin iron oxide layers were grown reactively on the (001)-surfaces of the magnesium oxide substrate by molecular beam epitaxy. Besides, the surface is examined by the diffraction of low-energy electrons concerning its crystalline structure. X-ray photo electron spectroscopy approaching the stochiometry completes these first characterisations. Other investigations are carried out at HASYLAB / DESY in Hamburg by X-ray reflectivity and X-ray diffraction. The exact thickness of the layers, its crystal properties in bulk, as well as the thickness of the crystalline portion of the layers can be determined among other features of the system. The evaluation of XRR-and XRD-investigations is done via simulations with in chapter 5 introduced software packages. The reader finds the theoretical backgrounds to the used techniques in chapter 3. The experimental setups in Osnabr¨uck and Hamburg as well as the backgrounds to the preparation are presented in chapter 5. Because the formation of the different iron oxides is described in literature [5, 6, 7, 8] as mostly depending on annealing temperatures, the experimental results in chapter 6 are graded accordingly. The dependence on temperature, layer thickness and annealing time should be examined for the iron oxides possible on this substrate. The aim of this work is the preparation of ultrathin epitaxial iron oxide layers with thicknesses up to few nanometers. The main goal is to find the growth parameters for ultrathin crystalline magnetite layers.
URL: https://repositorium.ub.uni-osnabrueck.de/handle/urn:nbn:de:gbv:700-201009176491
Subject Keywords: thin films, xrr, xrd, xps, leed, iron oxide, iron, spinell, Fe3O4, Fe2O3, FeO, MgO, spintronics, Spintronik, MBE, LEED, Knudsenelle, ixrr, rodsnplots, Festkörperphysik, Oberflächenphysik, Eisenoxidschichten, hämatit, magnetit, hematite, magnetite, wustite, wüstit
Issue Date: 17-Sep-2010
Type of publication: Dissertation oder Habilitation [doctoralThesis]
Appears in Collections:FB04 - E-Dissertationen

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