Studies on the essential YNL152w open reading frame in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

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Title: Studies on the essential YNL152w open reading frame in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Authors: Ciklic, Ivan
Thesis advisor: Prof. Dr. Jürgen Heinisch
Thesis referee: Prof. Dr. Karlheinz Altendorf
Abstract: The essential gene YNL152w was previously found in a screen designed to isolate putative negative regulators of the S. cerevisiae Pkc1p pathway. Activity assays were performed with a lexA-RLM1-lacZ integrated reporter in different ynl152w truncated mutants. In contrast to the original screen, there were no differences or the activities were even lower in some mutants. To analyze the consequences of different expression levels, YNL152w was expressed under the control of the GAL1/10 promoter. Growth curves were performed under high, intermediate and low expression levels. Strikingly, both conditional strains were able to grow under repressing conditions. However, an aberrant morphology was found suggesting that the cells are indeed affected by low amounts of Ynl152w protein. A series of successive Ynl152wp C-terminal truncations was analyzed to determine cell viability and to investigate the function of the protein. Remarkably, about 2/3 of the protein were dispensable to confer viability. Microscopic analyses of constructs revealed an aberrant morphology characteristic of a cytokinesis defective mutant, with the appearance of swollen cells and formation of big aggregates. Interestingly, the phenotype was more pronounced in the larger truncations. Coherent with these results time-lapse experiments with a large truncated mutant showed a stabilization of the SH3 protein Hof1p at the bud neck. This protein is involved in septum formation and has been reported as a binding partner of YNL152w. The phenotypes observed in the truncated mutants could be attributed to the presence of 4 proline rich motifs. Such motifs have been reported to interact with SH3 domains. An internal deletion of an aspartate rich domain present in the Ynl152wp sequence also displayed a phenotype very similar to that of the largest truncations. Therefore, this domain may play an important role in Ynl152wp function.
Subject Keywords: Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Genetics; cytokinesis; cell division; YNL152w; HOF1
Issue Date: 29-Jun-2007
Type of publication: Dissertation oder Habilitation [doctoralThesis]
Appears in Collections:FB05 - E-Dissertationen

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