COVID-19-related school closures and mathematical performance - findings from a study with grade 3 students in Germany

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Title: COVID-19-related school closures and mathematical performance - findings from a study with grade 3 students in Germany
Authors: Gasteiger, Hedwig
Sachse, Karoline A.
Schumann, Kristoph
Gerve, Mona
Schulz, Axel
Engelbert-Kocher, Maria
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Abstract: Introduction: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, measures were taken that had a considerable impact on the situation in schools. In Germany, these measures lasted more than a year and ranged from school closures and distance learning to alternating teaching phases with small groups. In the present study, we examined whether third-grade students’ mathematics performance changed in different content domains before and after the COVID-19-related changes in school. Methods: In a repeated cross-sectional design, we compared two cohorts of third graders (2019: N = 1,905; 2021: N = 3,203) based on standardized mathematics tests, constructed according to the German National Educational Standards, which allowed for a differential competence diagnostic for five content domains. Generalized linear mixed models were used to model item and person properties and assess their effects on performance. Results: There was a significant drop in performance overall. While the drop in the content domain Numbers & Operations was smaller than the overall drop in performance, the content domains Space & Shape and Data, Frequency, Probability were more affected. Discussion: The findings of this study may be explained by the results of numerous surveys of students, teachers, and parents, which indicated that a lot of time was spent on exercises and reproduction tasks during distance learning.
Citations: Gasteiger H, Sachse KA, Schumann K, Gerve M, Schulz A and Engelbert-Kocher M (2023): COVID-19-related school closures and mathematical performance—findings from a study with grade 3 students in Germany. Front. Educ. 8:1213857.
Subject Keywords: COVID-19; comparative study; mathematics; primary school; distance learning; content domains
Issue Date: 8-Sep-2023
License name: Attribution 4.0 International
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Type of publication: Einzelbeitrag in einer wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift [Article]
Appears in Collections:FB06 - Hochschulschriften

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