Artificial Intelligence in Biological and Chemical Warfare

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Title: Artificial Intelligence in Biological and Chemical Warfare
Authors: Saalbach, Klaus
Abstract: Artificial Intelligence (AI) is commonly understood as the ability of machines to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence and is a key area of advanced computing. Overall, the use of AI in life sciences is still in an early stage, but AI tools with relevance for biological and chemical warfare could already be established. This affects the creation of new substances, the identification of potential targets by prediction of protein structures, the detection and identification of suspicious particles and DNA sequences and the defense against malicious actors. This includes the creation of new compounds related to VX gas by a modified MegaSyn algorithm, and advances in protein structure prediction by AI tools like AlphaFold 2. On the other hand, AI facilitates the detection of suspicious particles (HoloZcan) and DNA sequences (Fun GCAT) and concepts for a holistic biothreat defense (Biothreat Artificial Intelligence Network BAIN) are underway which will be supported by the ongoing development of 6G networks. An updated overview of biological and chemical weapons will be given. After a brief introduction into the concepts of AI, the relevant AI tools and cyber-biosecurity threats will be presented. The final section will discuss the need for a systematic and coherent oversight regimen.
Citations: Working Paper. Universität Osnabrück, Fachbereich 1 - Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften, Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, Osnabrück 2023.
Subject Keywords: Artificial Intelligence; Biological Warfare; Chemical Warfare
Issue Date: 25-Jan-2023
License name: Attribution 3.0 Germany
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Type of publication: Arbeitspapier [WorkingPaper]
Appears in Collections:FB01 - Hochschulschriften

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